Many european countries have acknowledges that juveniles subject to criminal justice proceedings should be regarded as a specific group of people with rights and special needs. This recognition has been part of developments in many criminal justice systems throughout the 20th century. In addition, it has been prompted by the developing international human rights framework of the United nations and the Council of Europe.
Still, there is a wide variety of laws and practices affecting the position of juveniles who (allegedly) are in conflict with the law, with very different and sometimes uncertain or even unlawful outcomes. In addition, there are many challenges regarding the implementation of the human rights of these juveniles, who generally are still minors.
This online training course of the international juvenile justice school offers a comprehensive training on juvenile justice in europe with particular attention to the implications of international human rights standards for juveniles in conflict with the law at the domestic level.