Improving Juvenile Justice Systems in Europe: Training for Professionals


Improving Juvenile Justice Systems in Europe: Training for Professionals


This course provides training to professionals working with children in conflict with the law and is specifically geared towards improving their communication with children. In this course, topics related to children’s legal rights, interviewing techniques, communication, child psychology and pedagogical skills will be touched upon in the various modules.

The course aims to provide information and to give further guidance on the implementation of the provisions of the EU Directive on procedural safeguards for children suspected or accused in criminal proceedings (2016/800/EU).

This online training course is one of the outputs of the EU funded project “Improving Juvenile Justice Systems in Europe: Training for Professionals” (JUST/2013/FRC/AG), and is based on the manual for professionals "Can anyone hear me? Improving juvenile justice systems in Europe: A manual on how to make European juvenile justice systems child-friendly".

Contents: 4 Modules

MODULE A: International and European standards in juvenile justice

  • A.1 Participation of juveniles in juvenile justice proceedings
  • A.2 Introduction to international standards in juvenile justice
  • A.3 Introduction to European standards in juvenile justice
  • A.4 Juvenile justice and adolescent development

MODULE B: General requirements

  • B.1 Entitlement to specific proceedings
  • B.2 Right to legal or other assistance
  • B.3 The role of parents

MODULE C: Effective participation

  • C.1 Right to information
  • C.2 Right to be heard

MODULE D: Communication skills & Follow-up and support

  • D.1 Setting
  • D.2 Conversational techniques
  • D.3 Language use and explanations
  • D.4 Follow-up and support

About the IJJO

The International School for Juvenile Justice (ISJJ) is an interdisciplinary training and research centre which belongs to the International Juvenile Justice Observatory

ISJJ purposes are:

  • Reinforcement of the generation and dissemination of knowledge.
  • Development of training actions in the various fields of juvenile justice.

About the authors

Dr. Ton Liefaard

Prof. Dr. Ton Liefaard holds the UNICEF Chair in Children’s Rights at Leiden University, Leiden Law School. He teaches children’s rights, child law and juvenile justice from an international and comparative perspective and has published widely on the meaning of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and related international and regional instruments for the position of children at the national level.

Dr. Stephanie Rap

Dr. Stephanie Rap is assistant professor at the Child Law Department at Leiden University. She holds master’s degrees in Pedagogical sciences and Criminology. She has published and presented extensively on juvenile justice, children’s rights and child participation in legal proceedings. She lectures on topics related to juvenile justice and child protection in the Master of Laws in Advanced Studies in International Children’s Rights.



Funded by the Criminal Justice Programme of the European Union